Understanding Compression Stockings (CS)

How Compression Stockings Work.
Compression Stockings exert graduated pressure on the skin, the pressure is firmer at the foot or ankle and gradually decreases as it goes up the leg. The purpose of this is to force the fluids upward. Picture a long water balloon, if you squeezed at the top it would force the water downward, squeeze in the middle and the water is forced both downward and upward, but squeeze at the bottom and the water will move upward.
When do I need Compression Stockings? There are many reasons but in general, if blood or fluids are settling or pooling in the feet and legs. Varicose Veins and congestive heart failure are common reasons. Sometimes a person is holding water from too much salt intake. Compression Stockings are often used by people who sit or travel a lot. This lessens the risk of a Deep Vein Thrombosis (Clotted Artery).
What kind of Compression Stocking do I need?
There are many varieties from knee high, to thigh high to full panty hose. Knee high are the most common. Consider using the thigh high if your thighs remain swollen after the knee high is used. Many Women wear full length pantyhose. There are open and closed toe varieties. Open toe are used by people who want to wear a sock underneath and some people prefer these because they are easier to put on. There are stockings that just cover the calf, athletes and runners prefer these. CS are made for men and women alike, men usually prefer knee high stockings, and they come in many colors that can be worn just like socks with any outfit. Women CS have a larger variety, including sheer which cannot be differentiated from normal hosiery. There are compression stockings designed for diabetics, these usually contain silver which helps wick away moisture.
Below is a Venosan Chart that recommends different stockings for different issues (Note the higher the number the more compression, a 30 mmHg is stronger than a 15mmHg)
The appropriate compression level for a stocking is based on the symptoms it is trying to alleviate. Use this chart to determine which compression level is best for you.
15-20 & 18-22 mmHg
-Tired, Aching Legs
-Minor Ankle, Leg & Foot Swelling
-Minor Varicosities
-Minor Varicosities During Pregnancy
-Travelling On Long Flights Or Automobile Trips
20-30 mmHg
-Moderate To Severe Varicosities
-Moderate To Severe Varicosities
-During Pregnancy
-Moderate Ankle, Leg & Foot Swelling
-After Sclerotherapy
-Helps To Prevent Recurrence Of Venous Stasis Ulcers
30-40 mmHg
-Severe Varicosities
-Severe Varicosities During Pregnancy
-Severe Ankle, Leg & Foot Swelling
-After VNUS Closure
-After Venous Laser Ablation
-After Vein Stripping
-After Ambulatory Phlebectomy
-Helps To Prevent Recurrence Of Venous Stasis Ulcers

Some products are targeted specifically to treat the symptoms of diabetes, such as SilverlineDB. The other products are listed here based on their compression:
15-20 mmHg
-MicroFiber Line for Men
-MicroFiber Line for Women
18-22 mmHg
-SupportLine for Men
-SupportLine for Women
20-30 mmHg
-MicroFiber Line for Men
-Silverline Gentleman
-Ultraline Silver
30-40 mmHg

When Taking measurements for your size, do this first thing in the morning. Fit the Compression Stocking first thing in the morning, this is when your legs will have the least amount of swelling. Never fold the top of the stocking over onto itself, this could double the pressure at the top and can create a restriction if blood flow. Always remove them before bed.
Venosan Recommends These Application Techniques
1. Make sure that neither your feet nor your legs are wet or even damp. Talcum powder can be helpful if necessary.
2. Turn the leg of the stocking inside out down as far as the heel, i.e. except for the foot, the inside of your VENOSAN® stocking must be facing outwards.
3. Use both thumbs to stretch the foot of the stocking open and pull your VENOSAN® stocking over your foot.
4. Grip the upper edge of the stocking and pull it over your heel.
5. Once all the leg of the stocking is above your ankle, reach inside with both thumbs and massage the fabric up your leg with a zigzag movement.
Since your VENOSAN® stockings are made of highly elastic material it is very important that you do not pull the top seam up as hard as you can. The stocking has to be massaged upwards in a series of side-to-side movements as described under 5 above.
Venosan Recommends These Techniques for Taking the Stockings Off
1. Pull the top seam of the leg part downwards as far as your ankle.
2. Push both thumbs between the knitted fabric and your leg and ease it over your heel.
3. Pull the stocking slowly over your foot.

Venosan Recommends This Process for Washing
Regular washing will not damage your stockings.
• You can simply wash your VENOSAN® stockings in the washing machine at any temperature up to 40°C and treat them like any other ordinary synthetic fibre underwear.
• You can reduce the drying time by placing the washed stockings on a thick towel up tightly, and firmly pressing out excess moisture.
• Do not dry on a radiator or in the sun.
• Do not use any fabric softeners, optical brighteners or stain removers (such as turpentine, benzine etc.).
• Clean the silicone bands on self-supporting tops with alcohol regularly to improve adhesion.

Recommended Life Of A Compression Stocking Is Up To Six Months.

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